In this article, we will explore the top FAQs about cyber security for small businesses, including: what it is, why companies need a cyber security policy, how to create a password that is strong enough to protect your sensitive data, and more.
Cyber security refers to the protection and recovering of networks, devices, data, and programs from unauthorized access, criminal use, or cyberattacks. Cyber security helps to ensure confidentiality, integrity, and the availability of company and client information tied to the internet.
Cyberattacks are increasingly becoming a danger for organizations, their employees, and consumers. Cyberattacks can target, hold hostage, or destroy sensitive data. They can also extort money and destroy businesses. By having a robust cyber security plan, companies can help secure their most important information.
2. What Is the Difference Between Cyber Security and IT (Information Technology)
IT security protects data and information systems from unauthorized access. This involves implementing processes to prevent the misuses, modification, or theft of sensitive company information.
Cyber security refers to the protection of data on the internet. In particular, cyber security protects companies from hackers and other cybercriminals.
Cyber security is seen as a subset of IT.
Lacking a clear workplace cyber security policy can mean employees accidentally exposing the company to a number of risks. Businesses are vulnerable, particularly now while many employees are working remotely or using their personal devices to access company accounts.
Some things to include in your cyber security policy:
Make sure to take a look at your cyber security policy regularly to ensure it's up to date. Technology changes frequently and policies should reflect these changes.
A vulnerable piece of a company's cyber security is human error. Whether it is by opening a dangerous attachment, or using simplistic passwords, employees frequently put companies at risk by accident.
The solution? Train your team on the importance of cyber security.
However, simply performing annual training isn't enough. Cyber security risks are continuously evolving, and with that employees should be being frequently updated on the risks and best practices.
Some ways to get buy-in from your team:
A firewall is a security device used to protect a network by filtering the traffic and blocking outsiders from gaining unauthorized access to the private data stored on a computer.
With firewalls you can set rules for individual applications. For example: allowing certain applications on a mobile device to access the internet and not others.
There are multiple types of firewalls, ranging from more simple to complex in function. The newest versions can do much more than simply filter what traffic is and is not allowed to pass into a network. Be sure to choose a firewall that works based on your company's needs.
Firewalls are commonly appliances built by individual vendors, but they can also be bought as software that customers install on their own hardware.
If you haven't already, it's time to stop using the same password across accounts.
Here are some tips for creating a secure password:
Multi-factor authentication is a method of electronic authentication where you are only granted access to a website or application after successfully presenting two or more pieces of evidence to an authentication mechanism.
This could be:
The purpose of multi-factor authentication is to protect the user from an unknown person gaining access to their data, which could be personal or financial details.
Two-factor authentication is a type of multi-factor authentication where in order to gain access to a website or application the user must confirm two factors, like a password and a code sent to their phone.
For this to work, a third-part authenticator (like an authentication app, explained below) will typically show a randomly-generated and constantly refreshing code which the user can use.
An authenticator app, like the free Google Authenticator, is a security app that can add an additional level of security to your computer use.
Authenticator apps work by creating a two-factor authentication process for services like Gmail, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and more.
These apps work by randomly generating a code that is used to verify your identity when logging into various services. The code is sent to your phone, and once you confirm you've received the code on your phone you're able to gain access to the services.
Important files should be backed up a minimum of once a week, however once every 24 hours is preferred. For certain industries there will be regulations associated with how often and where you can back information up to.
There are software programs which can be scheduled to automatically run a backup at a chosen time. Or, you can manually back-up data to an external hard drive, USB stick, or CD.
If you aren't regulated for backups, and choose to do so manually, you'll want to prioritize which data is the most important to be backed-up.